北方的院子 / 建筑
北方的院子 / 建筑
Courtyard House in the North / architects
What is air?
A soul unwilling to rest in body.
What is holiness?
A mask to praise stained things.
What is dream?
A reality which rises to match illusion.
What is bed?
A night inside the night.
What is memory?
A house only for died objects to live.
The site is located on a secluded corner of Cashikou village，which is located within a mountainous area embraced by a forest of chestnut trees. Walking towards the north one could reach the Great Wall and cliff inscriptions.The Cashikou Great Wall lies on the peak of the north-eastern mountain, which you can see from Cashijiang.
The site contains a farm house facing south, with low walls separating the inner and outer courtyard. The inner courtyard holds daily activities, while the outer courtyard has vegetable fields irrigated by mountain springs.
The principal house was built in 1970s, and its five-bay contains one living room and two bedrooms. It is 15.5 meters long while the roof is 4.5 meters tall, with a rather broad proportion. Its bricks, woodwork and roof are also all made with the finest local craft.
Originally, the interior walls and ceilings were all covered with paper. Papers were also plastered on windows. With the use of heated kang, it can well survive a severe winter. The 80 cm projecting cornice ensures sufficient sunlight in winter and a cool interior in summer.
As a small-scale building located within the large-scale environment with 50 years of history, we hope the building could have an intrinsic and sophisticated response to both its interior and exterior conditions.
It is a great honor to renovate the ohly one supreme Principal House in the mountains.With the self-made orange curtain, in early mornings in winter, the sunlight would be filtered through the curtain and fills the room with orange light, which would also combine into the old house.
Besides the principal house, other buildings in the inner courtyard are all newly constructed. By sinking the courtyard, decreasing the depth of the building, and lowering the cornice, the design ensures the wideness of northern farm houses while maintaining the grandeur of the main building.
In the outer courtyard, the original vegetable sheds and fields are transformed into resting platform and gardens. On the east side, the original storage is changed into a workshop and a tea room. On the platform of the outer courtyard, the water sink is lifted as if suggesting a sort of ritual.
The charm of space we are seeking is a kind of hidden dominating power and hazy "deep" communication.
Project by: xian Architects
Principal Architect: Wang Yanshi
Content: renovation and addition of original building, interior design, hand-made furniture and stuff
Site Area: 800 sq.m.
Floor Area: 430 sq.m. (renovation 80 sq.m., new construction 350 sq.m.)
Location: Cashikou Village, Huairou District, Beijing, China
Build by: Mountain Root Studio
Time Period: 2016.5 - 2018.5
Photographer: Bai Ting